By: Lindi Mugwara
What is editing?
Editing is the compilation of different shots into a coherent sequence. It is the last process in the construction of the film, can be referred to as Post Production. Editing is like constructing a puzzle, you have all the pieces and the editor’s job is to piece it together. But, it’s not as simple as just piecing the shots together. The editor’s job more importantly is to dictate the pacing of the film, which is dependent on the tone and theme of the film. For example, an intense action packed film with explosions and intricate fight scenes will require fast cuts to evoke a heighten suspense. A romantic drama will normally be slower paced and will require fewer cuts.
CUTS & TRANSTIONS
MATCH CUT cuts from one shot to a similar shot in matching the composition or action. Mainly used as scene transitions. Match cut can also be conveyed aurally.
L CUT is an audio-based transition. The audio from the current shot crosses over into the next shot.
J CUT is when you hear the audio of the next shot before it appears on screen. You hear what is going on before you see it.
SMASH CUT is an abrupt transition, going from something intense to quiet or visa versa.